医生鼓励开设艺术课程治疗孤独感

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16 Oct 2018
News /

Doctors Encouraged to Prescribe Art Lessons to Cure Loneliness

16 Oct 2018

A new GBP£1.8m scheme aims to support socially isolated people

New Linthorpe’s ‘The Coffee House’ session, Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, 2016. Courtesy: Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art; photograph: Judy Hume

Doctors Encouraged to Prescribe Art Lessons to Cure Loneliness - 医生鼓励开艺术课治疗孤独感

New Linthorpe’s ‘The Coffee House’ session, Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, 2016. Courtesy: Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art; photograph: Judy Hume

A range of activities including art lessons, cookery and dance classes could be prescribed on the NHS. Doctors will be urged to recommend social activities to patients suffering from loneliness, rather than drug-based treatments, as part of a new GBP£1.8 million government strategy.

UK prime minister Theresa May called the problem of loneliness ‘one of the greatest public health challenges of our time’, saying that it effected a fifth of adults in the country. The funding will go towards supporting community projects including art spaces. The government estimates 200,000 elderly people have not talked to a friend or relative in over a month.

Minister for loneliness Tracey Crouch commented: ‘Nobody should feel alone or be left with no one to turn to. Loneliness is a serious issue that affects people of all ages and backgrounds and it is right that we tackle it head on.’

But Ian Hudspeth, chairman of the Local Government Association’s community wellbeing board, underlined the importance of reversing cuts to council budgets. ‘It is essential that these services which are already under pressure are able to cope with demand – GBP£1.8 million will not be enough to ensure these services can do that.’

Earlier this year, a survey of doctors showed a consensus that ‘public engagement with the arts can make a significant contribution to the prevention agenda (i.e. preventing ill health among the public)’. Of the 1,000 doctors surveyed by the arts and health charity Aesop, 66% agreed that arts engagement could help in delivering primary care.

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新闻/新闻2018年10月16日该计划旨在支持社会孤立的人,新林索普的“咖啡馆”会议,米德尔斯堡现代艺术学院,2016年。礼貌:米德尔斯堡现代艺术学院;照片:朱迪休谟,新林索普的“咖啡馆”会议,米德尔斯堡现代艺术学院,2016年。礼仪:米德尔斯堡现代艺术学院;照片:朱迪·休谟。
国民健康保险制度可以规定一系列的活动,包括艺术课、烹饪和舞蹈课。作为180万英镑政府新战略的一部分,将敦促医生向孤独症患者推荐社会活动,而不是以药物为基础的治疗。英国首相特里萨·梅称孤独问题是“我们这个时代最大的公共卫生挑战之一”,并说孤独影响了全国五分之一的成年人。这笔资金将用于支持包括艺术空间在内的社区项目。
政府估计200000个老人在一个多月内没有和朋友或亲戚交谈。孤独的部长Tracey Crouch评论道:“没有人应该感到孤独,也没有人可以离开。”孤独感是一个严重问题,影响着不同年龄和背景的人,我们直面这个问题是正确的。
但是,当地政府协会社区福利委员会主席伊恩·赫德斯佩特(Ian Hudspeth)强调,必须扭转对委员会预算的削减。今年早些时候,一项对医生的调查显示,人们普遍认为,公众参与艺术活动可以产生重大影响。蚂蚁对预防议程的贡献(即防止公众的不健康)。在艺术与健康慈善机构伊索调查的1000名医生中,66%的人认为艺术参与有助于提供初级保健。
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