Leonardo da Vinci’s Eye Disorder Was Key to His Genius, Neuroscientist Claims – 神经科学家声称,达·芬奇的眼疾是他天才的关键。

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22 Oct 2018

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Leonardo da Vinci’s Eye Disorder Was Key to His Genius, Neuroscientist Claims

22 Oct 2018

An outward-turned left eye featured in da Vinci’s portraits suggest a disorder which helped him paint three-dimensional scenes

Leonardo da Vinci, Salvator Mundi (detail), c.1500, oil on walnut, 66 x 45 cm. Courtesy: Christie’s, London / New York

Leonardo da Vinci’s Eye Disorder Was Key to His Genius, Neuroscientist Claims - 神经科学家声称,达·芬奇的眼疾是他天才的关键。

Leonardo da Vinci, Salvator Mundi (detail), c.1500, oil on walnut, 66 x 45 cm. Courtesy: Christie’s, London / New York

A new study, published in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology, claims that the secret behind Leonardo da Vinci’s genius was a rare eye disorder, which helped the legendary painter and polymath to capture complex three-dimensional scenes in his artworks.

A researcher from City University of London’s Optometry and Vision Sciences School has taken measurements from portraits by Da Vinci which are believed by some to have been modelled on the artist himself. The study concludes that the artist had strabismus, based on the distinctive eye alignment seen in the paintings. Works studied include Vitruvian Man (c.1490), St John the Baptist (1513–16), and the recently auctioned Salvator Mundi (c.1500).

The vision disorder, in which one eye looks away while the other focuses in on an object, has been suggested as an advantageous trait for artists, allowing them to concentrate on close, flat surfaces. Da Vinci is in good company – the condition has been diagnosed in other famous artists, including Rembrandt, Albrecht Dürer, Edgar Degas and Pablo Picasso.

Neuroscientist and author of the study Christopher Tyler said: ‘The condition is rather convenient for a painter, since viewing the world with one eye allows direct comparison with the flat image being drawn or painted.’ The disorder, Tyler says, ‘would perhaps explain da Vinci’s great facility for depicting the three-dimensional solidity of faces and objects in the world and the distant depth recession of mountainous scenes.’

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Leonardo da Vinci
Salvator Mundi
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新闻/2018年10月22日达芬奇的肖像画中左眼向外翻,表明一种紊乱,帮助他画出三维场景。达芬奇,萨尔瓦多·蒙迪(细节),约1500,核桃油,66x 45厘米。礼貌:Christie’s,./New.,Leonardo da Vinci’s Eye Disorder Was Key to His Genius, Neuroscientist Claims - 神经科学家声称,达·芬奇的眼疾是他天才的关键。,Leonardo da Vinci,Salvator Mundi(细节),约1500,核桃油,66x 45厘米。礼貌:克里斯蒂,伦敦/纽约——发表在《JAMA眼科学》杂志上的一项新研究声称,达芬奇天才背后的秘密是一种罕见的眼疾,它帮助这位传奇画家和多数学家捕捉到了他眼中复杂的三维场景。S的作品。伦敦城市大学眼科和视觉科学学院的一位研究人员从达芬奇的肖像画中测量了尺寸,一些人认为这幅肖像画是模仿了达芬奇本人的。这项研究的结论是,艺术家的斜视是基于绘画中独特的眼睛排列。所研究的作品包括《维特鲁威人》(约1490年)、施洗者圣约翰(1513-16年)和最近拍卖的《蒙迪救世主》(约1500年)。视觉障碍,其中一只眼睛看不远,而另一只眼睛聚焦于一个物体,已被建议作为艺术家的有利特征,允许他们集中于封闭,平坦的表面。达芬奇的陪伴很好——其他著名艺术家也曾诊断过这种疾病,包括伦勃朗、阿尔布雷希特·杜勒、埃德加·德加和巴勃罗·毕加索。神经科学家、这项研究的作者克里斯托弗·泰勒说:“对于一个画家来说,这种状况是相当方便的,因为用一只眼睛观察世界可以直接与正在画或画的平面图像进行比较。”泰勒说,这种紊乱也许可以解释达芬奇的脸庞。用于描述世界人脸和物体的三维立体感和山区景物的深度衰退。N新闻


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