一位巴勒斯坦青年的“自由领导人民”

2018年10月22日,在第十三次试图突破以色列对巴勒斯坦加沙地带的海上封锁的游行抗议中,一名巴勒斯坦的年轻赤膊抗议者手持国旗的的形象,在社交网络推特上引爆了关联艺术史的比较,而这张标志性的照片无疑正在书写历史。

Viral Photo of Palestinian Protester Compared to Delacroix’s ‘Liberty Leading the People’ - 巴勒斯坦抗议者的照片与德拉克鲁瓦的“自由领导人民”

图片:穆斯塔法·哈索纳,GettyImages,土耳其阿纳多卢机构

13th attempt to break the Gaza blockade by sea, 22 October 2018. Courtesy: GettyImages, Anadolu Agency; photograph: Mustafa Hassona

这位年轻的巴勒斯坦抗议者在加沙地带巴以冲突的抗议游行中,手持国旗奋战着的照片在社交媒体上传播开来,许多人把这张照片与艺术史上的经典形象进行了比较,包括德拉克罗瓦的油画《自由引导人民》(1830年),历史总是如此惊人的相似着。

这张标志性的照片拍摄于10月22日,是土耳其阿纳多卢通讯社的摄影师穆斯塔法·哈索纳Mustafa Hassouna拍摄的。在长达十年的对抗以色列封锁的激烈抗议中,Hasuna抓拍到了巴勒斯坦青年艾德·阿布罗A'ed Abu Amro的这个镜头,他正赤裸上身,手持巴勒斯坦国旗,奋力抛掷着投石索,以战斗的姿态突显于燃烧着的轮胎和穿着防弹衣的记者们之间。

伦敦大学亚非学院的Laleh Khalili教授在推特上分享了这张照片,与之对比的是德拉克洛瓦纪念1830年“法国七月革命”的这幅名作:自由女神一手拿着法国的三色旗,另一手拿着步枪,引导人们跨越街垒。其他社交媒体用户则引用了贝里尼的雕塑《大卫》(1623-1624年)等图像进行了比较,在它们之间有着如此美丽的相似性。

照片的主角艾德·阿布罗Abu Amro对半岛电视台说,“我很惊讶这张照片能在网络广为传播……我甚至不知道自己身边有一位摄影师。”用他自己的话说:“我的朋友取笑我,说不举旗子扔石头比较容易,但我已经习惯了。”“如果我被杀了,也希望被裹在这面旗帜下。我们在这里游行是为了能重返自己的家园,我们在为有尊严的生活和有尊严的未来而抗争。”

自今年3月份以来,加沙地带的巴以冲突逐渐升级,巴勒斯坦人要求重返自己被侵占的家园,每周都有巴勒斯坦平民在要求“回归权”的游行抗议中丧生。 今年4月,曾与艺术家艾未未和科威特电影导演巴斯马·阿尔沙里夫Basma Alsharif合作的巴勒斯坦记者亚西尔·穆塔贾Yasser Murtaja被以色列狙击手射杀。

记得克里斯蒂·兰格Christy Lange在FRIZE2010年的专题“论新闻摄影的局限性和艺术表现的伦理性”中说过,“特别是自‘9·11’以来,冲突中的壮观影像已经使经典的新闻摄影更加有别于艺术。”

FRIZE特稿 ARThing综合编译

Viral Photo of Palestinian Protester Compared to Delacroix’s ‘Liberty Leading the People’ - 巴勒斯坦抗议者的照片与德拉克鲁瓦的“自由领导人民”

Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830. Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

德拉克罗瓦《自由引导人民》1830年,图片:维基百科

Viral Photo of Palestinian Protester Compared to Delacroix’s ‘Liberty Leading the People’ - 巴勒斯坦抗议者的照片与德拉克鲁瓦的“自由领导人民”

Bernini, David, 1623–24. Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

贝里尼雕塑《大卫像》,1623—1624年,图片:维基百科

  

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25 Oct 2018
News /

Viral Photo of Palestinian Protester Compared to Delacroix’s ‘Liberty Leading the People’

25 Oct 2018

The image of a young shirtless protester clutching a Palestinian flag drew art-historical comparisons on Twitter

A photograph of a young Palestinian protester in Gaza, clutching a Palestinian flag and wielding a slingshot has gone viral on social media, with many making art-historical comparisons, including to Eugène Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People (1830).

The image was taken on 22 October by Mustafa Hassouna, a photographer with Turkey’s Anadolu Agency. Hassouna captured A’ed Abu Amro in the middle of a fierce protest against the decade-long Israeli blockade, rising shirtless against a backdrop of burning tyres and reporters in flak jackets.

SOAS University professor Laleh Khalili shared the image on Twitter, alongside Delacroix’s painting, which commemorated the 1830 July Revolution: Liberty holds up the Tricolore in one hand and a musket in the other, leading people across a barricade. Other social media users drew comparisons to Bernini’s sculpture David (1623–24).

‘I was surprised this picture of me went viral […] I didn’t even know there was a photographer near me’, Abu Amro said in comments to Al Jazeera. ‘If I get killed, I want to be wrapped in the same flag. We are demanding our right of return, and protesting for our dignity and the dignity of our future.’

Conflict has escalated since March with the beginning of weekly protests demanding Palestinians’s right to return to homes in Israel, with several civilians killed in the March to Return protests. In April, the Palestinian journalist Yasser Murtaja, who had worked with the artists Ai Weiwei and Basma Alsharif, was shot dead by Israeli sniper fire.

Don’t miss Christy Lange’s frieze feature from 2010 on the limitations of photojournalism and the ethics of artistic representation: ‘Particularly since 9/11, the paradox of the spectacular image has sharpened the line between classic reportage and artistic approaches.’




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